• July

    18

    2020
  • 161
  • 0

ANKLE

TENDOACHILLES INJURY

Strongest tendon in body
It is common tendon for calf muscles (Soleus and Gastrocnemius) and attached to back of heal bone (Calcaneus bone).

Function: It is very important in walking and running

Causes:

  1. Over use
  2. Trauma
  3. Sudden contraction of calf muscle during sports

Clinical features:

  1. Pain, Swelling, Unable to walk
  2. Gap can be felt in severe injuries
  3. Popping sound

Diagnosis: X-RAY/USG/MRI

Treatment:

  1. RICE
  2. NSAIDS
  3. Immobilisation
  4. PRP Injections
  5. Arthroscopic Or Open Surgery
  6. Physiotherapy

ANKLE SPRAIN / LIGAMENT INJURIES:

Ankle joint mainly supported by medial and lateral collateral ligaments
Medial collateral ligament also known as deltoid ligament
Lateral collateral ligament also known as Talofibula ligament
Another ligament is Tibio fibular ligament (Syndesmosis)
Most commonly injured ligament is Talo – fibular ligament

Causes:

  1. Twisting
  2. Trauma

Clinical features: Pain, Swelling and Painful ROM

Diagnosis: X-RAY/MRI

Treatment:

  1. RICE
  2. NSAIDS
  3. Immobilisation with non weight bearing
  4. In very severe (complete rupture) cases surgery may require
  5. Physiotherapy
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