The scapula (also known as shoulder blade) is a triangular shaped bone situated in the upper back. The bone is encircled and supported by a complex system of muscles. These muscles work in tandem to help you move your arm. If an injury or a medical condition weakens or alters the balance of these muscles, the position of the scapula, both at rest and at motion, will also be altered.
As a result of an alteration in scapular positioning or motion, you may find it extremely difficult to move your arm, especially when performing overhead activities, thereby weakening your shoulder. An alteration can cause serious damage if the normal ball-and-socket alignment of your shoulder joint is not maintained. The medical term for these alternations is scapular dyskinesis.
Physiotherapy is the general treatment for scapular disorders, focussing on strengthening the muscles in the shoulder and restoring the proper position and motion of the scapula.
TYPES OF SCAPULAR DISORDERS
Following are the commonly found scapular disorders:
• Winging scapula
• Scapula fractures
• Snapping scapula
• Interscapular pain
• Sprengel’s shoulder/Undescended scapula