To understand Shoulder Arthroscopy, we need to first understand what is Arthroscopy. The word Arthroscopy comes from Greek words árthro’ meaning ‘joint’ and ‘skopein’ meaning ‘to look’. Thus, Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure used by orthopaedic surgeons to view the joint (without making large incisions), diagnose and treat the problem.
In this procedure, very small incisions are made in the patient’s skin from where pencil sized instruments are inserted which contains magnifying lens, tiny television camera and lighting systems. This helps the surgeons to view the inside of the joint on television screens.
In Shoulder Arthroscopy, the surgeon will make one or more incisions in the shoulder and insert the arthroscope through it. This will help the surgeon inspect the tissues in the joint, cartilages, bones, tendons and ligaments. More than once incisions are made to insert other surgical instruments which are used to repair the damaged tissues.