Supraspinatus tendinopathy is a common and crippling condition that becomes more prevalent after middle age. It is a common cause of shoulder pain. The supraspinatus tendon lies in the subacromial space and is a part of the rotator cuff muscles. Overuse of the supraspinatus tendon is attributed to be the principal factor that predisposes to this condition. Supraspinatus tendon of the rotator cuff becomes degenerated most often as a result of repetitive stresses and overloading during sports or occupational activities, paving the way for tendinopathy. The tendon of the supraspinatus commonly impinges under the acromion as it passes between the acromion and the humeral head.
What is supraspinatus tendinopathy?
The supraspinatus muscle is located in the supraspinatus fossa behind the scapula. It is connected to the supraspinatus tendon – a thick fibrous band of tissue that connects the supraspinatus muscle to the shoulder joint. Supraspinatus tendon is a part of the rotator cuff. The function of the supraspinatus is to facilitate movement of the arm upwards. When there is a damage or injury to the supraspinatus tendon, it is referred to as supraspinatus tendinopathy.